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Top 5 Cloud Computing Trends to Watch Out for in 2022

Consumer and enterprise adoption of cloud storage has exploded in recent years, as research and advisory firm Gartner estimates public spending on cloud services will close out the year up 23% from 2020, totaling $332 billion. Much of the growth has been attributed to the pandemic-led pivot to remote work, and the cloud industry is constantly finding new ways to keep up with the demand, along with growing adoption of existing methodologies. Here are five trends that are set to shake up cloud computing in 2022 and beyond:

1. Containerization

Services like Docker or Google’s Kubernetes offer users the advent of containerized applications, which are seeing rapid increases in growth at the enterprise level. Containers bring the benefits of virtual machines, mustering the forces of a self-contained operating system to provide a seamless, predictable software performance across multiple machines. In the case of containers, applications are fully packaged with all their dependencies, yet able to run without the additional resource demands of a full VM. In a cloud setting, the portability of a container confers performance consistency across an entire organization, as well as distribution of resource usage. Users also have greater access to versioning control, tracking differences between containers and rolling back when needed.

2. Hybrid Cloud and Multi-Cloud Environments

With a private cloud, enterprises store their data on site and benefit from low latency and high data transfer speeds. With a public cloud, data is offloaded to third-party server providers, lowering infrastructure costs. Hybrid clouds are the sweet spot in-between, best suited for companies with storage demands such as large media files that require frequent access from local devices, while offloading archival media to a public cloud provider. Multi-clouds are when two public clouds are operating in tandem, offering enhanced data redundancy. These solutions are anticipated to grow 20% year-over-year, reaching a near $100 billion market size by 2022.

3. IoT: Internet of Things

In simple terms, IoT can be thought of as the growth of “smart” devices that can be assigned an IP address. Lightbulbs can integrate with a phone to automatically brighten or dim depending on the time or day. Smart watches can engage with news services to pull up headlines on your wrist. Electric cars are downloading and installing software updates. As the Internet and Television Association charts out, IoT devices are exploding in growth, exceeding 50 billion devices as of 2020 and showing no signs of slowdown.
Many of these devices engage with cloud services, offloading data and processing power to remote servers with vastly superior computing power. Growth in IoT will push a high demand on cloud computing in the coming years.

4. Edge Computing

Cloud providers are responding to the stresses of IoT devices with the innovation of edge computing. Most data centers were built to amass large quantities of information in a centralized location, the way cities bring together large populations. But half the country doesn’t live in a city, and information storage is becoming decentralized through edge computing in an effort to bring data and processing closer to home. Not only does this reduce latency, but it also brings down bandwidth usage costs and increases the reliability of connecting with data.

In the case of autonomous vehicles, where every millisecond matters and the computing demands of the vehicle’s sensory array are often offloaded, the latency associated with connecting to a server across the country renders this an untenable solution. Edge computing is poised to absorb these new demands being created by the revolution of autonomous and intelligent vehicles, giving them local access to processing power and information.

5. A Greener Cloud

The power requirements, the management of heat, and the infrastructure outlays of cloud computing carry a growing environmental impact that needs to be curbed. The Department of Energy estimates data centers account for 2% of all electrical consumption in the United States, with the typical data center having energy needs 10 to 50 times greater per floor space against the average commercial office building. In light of this, companies are offsetting their carbon footprints in a variety of ways, from adopting wind and solar power assets to planting trees. Cloud providers are in a constant push for increased efficiencies in their hardware and software, where even miniscule improvements can add up to massive long-term reductions in power consumption.

Google even implements historical weather data to preempt server farm cooling needs, while Microsoft has experimented with aquatic data centers, letting the vast ocean absorb the heat. Amazon has pledged to move its Amazon Web Services (AWS) toward a 100% renewable energy operation by 2025, announcing in 2021 the construction of 23 new wind and solar projects across the globe.

Electronic waste is another area of growing concern, as aging hardware is being discarded in the tens of millions of tons every year. With looming shortages in rare earth minerals and supply chain breakages in the production of computer hardware, the need for robust recycling of computer hardware grows by the day.

Cloud technologies are ever-evolving, and the biggest players are deploying dozens of innovative strategies to maintain their competitive edges. 2022 is going to be a big year for the industry as it strives to keep up with the exponential growth in computing demands.

How secure is the IAAS Cloud

Cloud security begins with cloud security engineering. An association should initially comprehend its present cloud security stance, and afterward plan the controls and cloud security arrangements it will use to forestall and relieve dangers. This arranging is basic to get hyper-complex conditions, which may incorporate numerous public clouds, SaaS and PaaS administrations, on-premise assets, which are all accessed from both corporate and unsecured personal devices.

The Need for Cloud Security Architecture

As organizations become dependent on the cloud, they should likewise put a greater spotlight on security. Most off-network information flows through cloud-based administrations, yet a large number of these cloud administrations are utilized with no security planning.

The utilization of cloud service providers and numerous individual gadgets makes it hard for organizations to view and control information streams. Cloud coordinated effort sidesteps standard organization control measures. Admittance to delicate information on unmanaged individual gadgets presents a significant danger.

Security and risk management experts think that it’s hard to acquire perceivability over a mind boggling blend of gadgets, organizations and clouds. These network security mosaics, full of covered up weaknesses, are a greeting for attackers to initiate breaches.

Many cloud service providers don’t give definite data about their internal environment, and numerous regular inner security controls can’t be straightforwardly changed over to a public cloud.

For all of these reasons, organizations need to consider cloud security as a new challenge, and construct a cloud security engineering that will help them gain enough security in this complex environment.

The cloud security design model varies relying upon the kind of cloud administration: IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service), PaaS (Platform as a Service), or SaaS (Software as a Service). Here, we explain different security considerations for each model.

The IaaS Cloud Computing Security Architecture

IaaS gives storage and network assets in the cloud. It depends vigorously on APIs to help oversee and work in the cloud. Nonetheless, cloud APIs are often not secure, in light of the fact that they are open and easily accessible from the web.

The cloud specialist organization (CSP) is liable for getting the infrastructure and deliberation layer used to get to the assets. Your association’s security commitments cover the remainder of the layers, for the most part containing the business applications.

To better visualize the cloud network security issues, deploy a Network Packet Broker (NPB) in an IaaS climate. The NPB sends traffic and information to a Network Performance Management (NPM) framework, and to the pertinent security instruments. Moreover, set up logging of events happening on network endpoints.

IaaS cloud deployments come with the following additional security features:

  • Network division
  • Intrusion Detection System and Intrusion Prevention System (IDS/IPS)
  • Virtual firewalls set before web applications to secure against noxious code, and at the edge of the cloud network
  • Virtual routers

To establish further IaaS security, you must rely on Cloud insights. Cloud Insights helps you find problems fast before they impact your business. Optimize usage so you can defer spend, do more with your limited budgets, improve security and detect ransom ware attacks through better visibility, and easily report on data access for security compliance auditing.